132- the Welsh gwanar-bird
Published by Philippe POTEL-BELNER on the site langue-et-histoire.com, on the 17th of February 2021.
In France, there is a bird coming from the north, on the end of winter ,and displaying in large troops through the ploughed fields. The French called it "vanneau" [vano], and sometimes "vanneau huppé" = crested vanneau, because it has a hoopoe. It is mostly black and white.
FR: vanneau (NM) (some species have no hoopoe); angl: lapwing OR peewit. W: cornicyll (NM), and maybe cornchwiglen (NF), but maybe the latter is a species without hoopoe ?
The scientific and Latin name is: Vanellus Vanellus.
The French name vanneau originates from a former "*uannear" OR "*uanneal", because of the mutation "r / l" > u (like bateau < *bateal).
Comparing French to Welsh, one may say: vanneal is "the chief ", because in old Welsh: gwanar = leader, prince, lord.
In French, this is also the paradigm of canard (swan).
Undoubtedly, there is a link between chief and hoopoe.
A chief must have a hat or a headgear, see:
- the Gaulish helmet is often a chief's attribute.
- many aristocrats had an impressive headgear, with feathers and so on (Middle age and later).
- Amerindian chiefs have an impressive headgear of feathers.
-pharaohs had an impressive headgear.
The reason is linguistic.
1- How does the Vedic language express the concept "chief" ?
V: K-ann(d) = who assembles (K) upward / intensively / excellently (ann(d) = movement phoneme).
See, for ex, old Turkish: khan = chief.
2- How does the Vedic language express the concept "hat / crest" ?
V: KŖ-ann(d) = what assembles (KŖ) upward / intensively / excellently (ann(d) = movement phoneme). The phonemes K == Ŗk == kŖ, with possibly KŖ = to assemble intensively = reduplication of a guttural phoneme.
See angl: crown and a very vast paradigm > FR: couronne / Latin: corona.
CR > curu, like in skr: KŖ =kara-.
This is also the paradigm of FR: crâne (old FR: cran) = cranium < what assembles upward.
Also angl: crane < what assembles upward / away, as every bird, moreover for migratory birds with stilts !
old Irish: cenn / conn = head, summit, chief; cenniud = headgear, helmet.
FR: *vanneal < aua-anna-ar = what has (ar) an upward (anna) assemblage (aua == gwa). For the (numerous !) meanings of aŖ, see the skr verb Ŗ (it also means in many languages: to relate, to be situated, to achieve, to do, etc...).
This is quite the same etymology than W: gwanar (wanar). It is slightly different from the etymology exposed in my volume 58b, but W: UNO = to unite < (g)aua-ann = to make (ann) the assemblage (gaua); and also (g)aua-ann = to assemble (gaua) upward / forward / with outside (ann(d)).
The French "etymologists" make vanneau to originate from the noise made by its wings, compared with the noise made by a fan (winnowing basket), in FR: un van !!!
What a strange (and childish !) etymology !
Probably the same for the English "etymology" for "lapwing".
Linguists have to see beyond appearences... "lapwing" does not mean "what lappes or clappes the wings so often" (Oxford Dictionary)...