132- the Welsh gwanar-bird

Published by Philippe POTEL-BELNER  on the site  langue-et-histoire.com, on the 17th of February 2021.


In France, there is a bird coming  from the north, on the end of winter ,and displaying  in large troops through the ploughed fields.  The French  called it  "vanneau" [vano], and sometimes  "vanneau huppé"  =  crested vanneau, because  it has a hoopoe.  It is mostly black and white.

FR: vanneau (NM)  (some species  have no hoopoe); angl: lapwing OR peewit.  W:  cornicyll  (NM), and maybe cornchwiglen  (NF), but maybe the latter is a species  without hoopoe ? 

The scientific and Latin name is: Vanellus Vanellus.

The French name  vanneau  originates  from  a former  "*uannear"  OR "*uanneal", because of the mutation  "r / l"  >  u  (like  bateau  <  *bateal). 


Comparing French to Welsh, one may say:  vanneal  is  "the chief ", because in old Welsh:  gwanar = leader, prince, lord.

In French, this is also the paradigm of canard (swan).

Undoubtedly, there is a link between  chief  and  hoopoe.

A chief must have a hat or a headgear, see:

- the Gaulish helmet  is often a chief's attribute.

- many aristocrats had an impressive headgear, with feathers and so on (Middle age and later). 

- Amerindian chiefs  have an impressive headgear  of  feathers.

-pharaohs  had an impressive headgear.



The reason is linguistic.

1- How  does the Vedic  language express the concept  "chief"  ?

V:   K-ann(d)  = who assembles  (K) upward / intensively / excellently (ann(d) =  movement phoneme).

See, for ex, old Turkish:  khan  =  chief. 

2- How  does the Vedic  language express the concept  "hat / crest"  ?

V: KŖ-ann(d) = what assembles  (KŖ) upward / intensively / excellently (ann(d) =  movement phoneme).  The phonemes  K == Ŗk == kŖ, with possibly  KŖ = to assemble intensively = reduplication of  a guttural phoneme.

See  angl: crown  and a very vast paradigm  >  FR: couronne / Latin: corona.

CR  >  curu, like in skr:  KŖ =kara-.

This is also the paradigm  of  FR: crâne  (old FR: cran) = cranium < what assembles upward.

Also angl: crane < what assembles upward / away, as  every bird, moreover  for  migratory birds with stilts !

old Irish: cenn  / conn  =  head, summit, chief; cenniud = headgear, helmet.


FR: *vanneal   <  aua-anna-ar  = what has (ar) an upward  (anna) assemblage (aua == gwa).  For the (numerous !) meanings  of , see the skr verb Ŗ  (it also means  in many languages:  to relate, to be situated, to achieve, to do, etc...).

This is quite the same etymology than W: gwanar (wanar). It is slightly different from  the etymology  exposed in my volume 58b, but  W: UNO  = to unite  <  (g)aua-ann = to make  (ann)  the assemblage (gaua); and also   (g)aua-ann = to assemble (gaua)  upward  / forward / with outside (ann(d)).


The French "etymologists" make vanneau to originate from the noise made by its wings, compared  with the noise made by a fan (winnowing basket), in FR: un van !!!

What a strange (and childish !) etymology !

Probably the same for the English "etymology" for "lapwing".

Linguists  have to see beyond appearences...  "lapwing"    does not mean  "what lappes or clappes the wings so often" (Oxford Dictionary)...