1- ONE MONTH / ONE PERSONAL NAME: each month, a study of one personal name, all over the world
ONE MONTH, ONE NAME, October 2019 :
1-1- Clarage – Claridge
A study of some British family names, published by Philippe POTEL-BELNER, in his monthly page, on the site langue-et-histoire.com, on the 17th of September 2019.
In "a Dictionary of British Surnames", this current British name is stated as coming from the medieval names: Robert de Claurugge, 1327, in Sussex and John Claridge, 1665, in Oxfordshire.
This book links these medieval names to a place name: Clearhedge Wood in Sussex (Clavregge in 1288, also spelt Claregge in 1429).
In my opinion, two elements are recognizable in these current or medieval names:
1- a very old first name (individual name), Clar / Clair / etc...
2- an anthroponymic suffix -rage / -ridge, which signifies, in the Vedic former language: what assembles upward or toward or in the future. That is to say: some one who continues Clar 's line of descendants.
I use a French verb ASSEMBLER, because I am able to understand its accurate meaning in french which is: to link two or more parts, like, for example, to connect two parts of a road by a bridge.
In this meaning, there is an idea of movement, but the verb ASSEMBLER can also get an idea of immobility. The sanskrit verb Ŗ also means « to be successful ».
The suffixes -rage / -ridge are composed of the Vedic phonem of the Assemblage /Ṛ/ and a morphem expressing a movement toward / upward / in the future: udya / idja = what goes (ya) upward (ud / out / id / etc...). One can recognize this morphem in english: a ridge = a summit; to rage = to arouse, etc...
Celts: Clar-i, Clar, Clar-os.
ethnonyms: Clariae (in Thrace)
place names: Claros
latin: clerus = clergy
France: Clar-us / Cler-us (VI to XIIth century), Clar-boldus / Clarabaldus (X and XIth century), etc...
There are many saints or bishops who were named Clair (Clear, Cleer, in GB).
place names: Glarus (Switzerland)
French family names: Clerc, Leclerc (< *alla Clerc = who makes to go forward Cler) , Clergue, Saint-Clair (who makes to go forward Clair), etc..
FR/english = clair / clear, that is opposite to black: white or a luminous color.
langue-et-histoire, volume 15, 2018.
DBS = a Dictionary of British surnames, 1958 and after...